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Primary School Program 

Describe how atoms can bond to make molecules using physical models, diagrams and chemical formulae e.g. H2O.


Explain why solids, liquids and gases have different observable properties due to their molecular separations and motion, and how heating or cooling can lead to a change of state.


Compare and contrast molecules that form chemical families (e.g. alkanes) using physical models, structural diagrams and chemical formulae.

Foundation Year

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6


Everything is made of atoms.


The Periodic Table arranges  all the different kinds of atoms into rows (Periods), and columns (Groups).


Atoms bond together to make molecules.


The arrangement and movement of molecules can explain the properties of solids, liquids and gases.


Chemical reactions occur when molecules rearrange their bonds to form new substances.


Plants use carbon dioxide, water and sunlight to produce glucose and oxygen (photosynthesis); and animals and plants use glucose and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide, water and energy (respiration).


Atoms are made of smaller particles called protons, electrons and neutrons.


Metal atoms bond to non-metals atoms to produce ionic substances (e.g. NaCl) whereas non-metallic atoms bond with other non-metallic atoms to produce covalent substances (e.g. H2O).


The Atomic Weight (Relative Atomic Mass) of an element is approximately the sum of its protons and neutrons in its most common isotope.


Electric charges can attract or repel with its strength varying with the amount of charge and their distance apart. 


Chemical families e.g. alkanes cans show trends in their properties by changing molecular length.relate to solids, liquids and gases


Alignment with the Australian Curriculum


Use and influence of science

Explore the ways people make and use observations and questions to learn about the natural world


Questioning and predicting

Explore the ways people make and use observations and questions to learn about the natural world


Planning and conducting

Pose questions and make predictions based on experiences


Processing, modelling and analysing

Represent observations in provided templates and identify patterns with guidance

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