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Patana Primary Program 

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Everything is made of atoms.

The Periodic Table arranges  all 118 kinds of atoms into horizonal rows (periods) and 18 vertical groups which contain similar elements. 

Strong link to WHO AM I? Humans-Diet and Senses

Each student is made of CHONPS and they need to get these atoms from the food that they eat and the air that they breathe.

Their sense organs are also made of CHONPS.

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Strong link to MATERIALS AND THEIR PROPERTIES.

All materials are made of a combination of atoms which determine their properties.

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Minor link to LIGHT AND SOUND.

Most of the light on earth comes from the hot hydrogen and helium atoms in the Sun.  Sound needs atoms to travel though, and because there are not atoms in Space there is no sound.

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Atoms can bond together to make molecules. such as H2O.

Molecules can form chemical families with different sizes, such as the Alkanes. 

Chemical reactions occur when molecules rearrange their bonds to form new substances.

Strong link to HOW PLANTS GROW.

Photosynthesis: Plants use the water from the soil, and the CO2 from the air in the presence of sunlight to make glucose C6H12O6 and carbohydrates for their food allowing them to grow and reproduce.

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Minor link to ADVENTURE ON THE HIGH SEAS.

The sea is made of H2O and NaCl (salt).  Pirate treasure is made of elements Au, Ag, Cu, C (diamonds).  Sapphire and ruby are made of compound Al2O3.

Major link to FORCES. 

For the Atomic program, electric forces are more important than magnetic forces.  The rules of positive and negative charge and attraction and repulsion should be added to the magnets with electrostatic activities.

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Strong link to WE ARE WHAT WE EAT and FOOD.
The atoms that make us come from the food that we eat, liquids that we drink and air that we breathe.
 The main kinds of food are carbohydrates and fats which contain C, H and O atoms, fats, and proteins which contain C, H, O, N and S atoms.  We also need some vitamins and minerals like Ca and Na.

Our bodies uses these atoms to build all our body parts including muscles, bones, skin and hair. It also uses food as a fuel by "burning" it with O2 that we breathe in in order to power ourselves.

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Currently unlinked topics

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Electric charges (like magnets) can attract or repel with a force varying with their charge and distance apart. 

Living things are made mostly of CHNOPS plus smaller amounts of many other elements.

Plants use CO2, H2O and sunlight to produce glucose and oxygen in photosynthesis; and animals and plants use glucose and O2 to produce CO2, H2O and energy in respiration.

Patana Links

The arrangement and movement of molecules can explain the observable properties of solids, liquids and gases, and that heating or cooling affects the atom's and molecule's speed.

Small molecules units (monomers) can bond repeatedly to form longer molecules (polymers), such as plastics and starch. 

Bohr Model: Atoms are made of positive protons and neutral neutrons in the nucleus and negative electrons in shells outside the nucleus. 

Protons and neutrons have an approximately equal mass, whereas an electron's mass is about 1/1836th in comparison.

Isotopes are atoms with the same number of protons but a different number of neutrons.

Metal atoms bond to non-metals atoms to produce ionic substances (e.g. NaCl), while non-metallic atoms bonding with other non-metallic atoms to produce covalent substances (e.g. H2O).

The Atomic Weight of an element is approximately the sum of its protons and neutrons in its most common isotope.

Nuclear fusion and fission involve changes in an atom's nuclear composition  transmuting the atom into a new element.

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

Core Atomic Program 

Links with the Australian Curriculum

AC9SFH01 

Use and influence of science

Explore the ways people make and use observations and questions to learn about the natural world

AC9SFI01 

Questioning and predicting

Explore the ways people make and use observations and questions to learn about the natural world

AC9SFI02 

Planning and conducting

Pose questions and make predictions based on experiences

AC9SFI03 

Processing, modelling and analysing

Represent observations in provided templates and identify patterns with guidance

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