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Patana Primary Program 

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Atoms are the building blocks of matter.

The Periodic Table organises all the different kinds of atoms into horizontal rows (periods) and vertical groups. 

Molecules I:  Atoms can  bond together to form molecules such as H2, H2O, NH3 and CH4.

Strong link to WHO AM I? Humans-Diet and Senses

Each student is made of CHONPS and they need to get these atoms from the food that they eat and the air that they breathe.

Their sense organs are also made of CHONPS.

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All materials are made of a combination of atoms which determine their properties.

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Minor link to LIGHT AND SOUND.

Most of the light on earth comes from the hot hydrogen and helium atoms in the Sun.  Sound needs atoms to travel though, and because there are not atoms in Space there is no sound.

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Atoms can bond together to make molecules. such as O2, CO2, N2 and amino acids.

Chemical reactions occur when molecules rearrange their bonds to form new substances, as when hydrogen gas H2,burns in oxygen gas, O2, to form water.

Strong link to HOW PLANTS GROW.

Photosynthesis: Plants use the water from the soil, and the CO2 from the air in the presence of sunlight to make glucose C6H12O6 and carbohydrates for their food allowing them to grow and reproduce.

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The sea is made of H2O and NaCl (salt).  Pirate treasure is made of elements Au, Ag, Cu, C (diamonds).  Sapphire and ruby are made of compound Al2O3.

Major link to FORCES. 

For the Atomic program, electric forces are more important than magnetic forces.  The rules of positive and negative charge and attraction and repulsion should be added to the magnets with electrostatic activities.

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Strong link to WE ARE WHAT WE EAT and FOOD.
The atoms that make us come from the food that we eat, liquids that we drink and air that we breathe.
 The main kinds of food are carbohydrates and fats which contain C, H and O atoms, fats, and proteins which contain C, H, O, N and S atoms.  We also need some vitamins and minerals like Ca and Na.

Our bodies uses these atoms to build all our body parts including muscles, bones, skin and hair. It also uses food as a fuel by "burning" it with O2 that we breathe in in order to power ourselves.

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Chemical equations represent chemical reactions by showing how many atoms and molecules of each kind are present before and after.

Plants use CO2, H2O and sunlight to produce glucose and oxygen in photosynthesis; and animals and plants use glucose and O2 to produce CO2, H2O and energy in respiration.

Small molecules units (monomers) can bond repeatedly to form longer molecules (polymers), such as plastics and starch. 

The arrangement and movement of molecules can explain the observable properties of solids, liquids and gases, and that heating or cooling affects the atom's and molecule's speed.

Electric charges (like magnets) can attract or repel with a force varying with the amount of charge and their distance apart. 

Bohr Model: Atoms are made of positive protons and neutral neutrons in the nucleus and negative electrons in shells outside the nucleus. 

Isotopes are atoms with the same number of protons but a different number of neutrons.

The Atomic Weight of an element is the weighted average of all its naturally occurring isotopes.

Waves can be described by their wavelength and frequency, which affect the pitch of sound and the colour of light.

Molecules can form chemical families with different sizes, such as the Alkanes. 

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

Core Atomic Program 

Patana Links

Links with the Australian Curriculum


Use and influence of science

Explore the ways people make and use observations and questions to learn about the natural world


Questioning and predicting

Explore the ways people make and use observations and questions to learn about the natural world


Planning and conducting

Pose questions and make predictions based on experiences


Processing, modelling and analysing

Represent observations in provided templates and identify patterns with guidance

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